Increased population is now rushing towards big metro cities. It seems that means of entertainment and joyous comforts are in much greater measure in cities than village rural areas. In metros cash can be earned with better ease and more in measure and attractive sense merriment materials ooze more in urban areas. Thus villages experience a lack of such joyous comforts and other hi tech facilities. Hence the population within cities and its peripheral areas is increasing in an explosive manner. Small villages are becoming small towns and towns are getting converted into cities. Naturally so many factories are built for the subsistence and transport arrangements for this rising population in cities. It is here that gigantic industries are set up in large numbers. Thus such systems of management and governance have to be set up yet they in turn render venomous air and water that help sustain human life. Noise pollution levels too are no less high. The combined reactions of all this is creating terrible health problems for the entire human race. If this situation continues merrily then due to choking of breath and par taking poisonous food/water, the fears of weakness and diseases shall lead man to the jaws of premature death.
The number of factories, rail engines, electricity power stations, cars, airplanes etc are increasing at a mad pace. Heinous gases like carbon monoxide and sulfur dioxide that is emitted by diesel, petrol etc used by the above are rendering the air more and more polluted as days pass by. Due to population explosion in metro cities, cars moving creating traffic jams, factory emissions, more fuel used by every household and lack of greenery the measure of hazardous elements in air is increasing at an alarming pace. They dwell in more strength in dust and smoke. They enter the body along with inhaled breath and render it diseased and weak in life force.
In the metro city Delhi (India) alone the report given says that silencers of trucks, buses, motors etc operating there alone throw more than 20,000 pounds of deadly sulfur dioxide in the air. This Electrical Powerhouse alone emits 95 pounds of such gas daily which not only is dire for the human body but also for buildings and bridges constructed from iron. The Taj Mahal of Agra is melting day by day due to the gas emission of this city. In order to protect it on a long term footing it is thought best to paint it with some emulsion so that the damage to this beautiful marble edifice be stopped.
If air contains even 1/700th part of carbon monoxide then anyone breathing this air dies. If it contains 0.1 millionth parts the creatures of that region shall become very ill.
At any point in time one can see a layer of fog in any industrial city. In it overflows derivatives of carbon, sulfate, nitrate and hydro carbons. Dust and smoke together create such a ‘smog’ layer in air that not only humans but plants, trees etc dwelling under it experience choking of breath. Their natural growth and development gets obstructed very badly.
Ships, boats etc pollute waters of the sea etc on which they move. Some years back a ship called Torikenyan erroneously emitted so much oil that the English Navy had to throw dynamite in large measure so as to burn up this oil. Detergents used to remove this oil too were no less hazardous. This upheaval not only polluted the water of that region but that waterborne sea creatures too died in hordes as a result.
In order to protect crops so many chemical pesticides are sprayed on it how many germs, worms etc are killed by it and how much food grain is saved as a result is a matter of research studies and surveys yet it is a fact that due to this spraying so many birds and harmless creatures die and their death could also be due to eating those grains. It is clear that apart from birds none can protect crops aptly because they are involved in eating those worms/germs that cause harm to crops. When the birds die the germs etc augment in number due to unobstructed procreation. As a result when pesticides are sprayed at least a few germs do not die and they in a short time much more in comparison to dead germs pound to pulp our so called high intellectualism.
Cities built on the edge of rivers benefit from their waters yet in return these rivers get reeking dirt only from these cities as a result of which it loses its utility value. Oil from Barauni in India flowed and entered River Ganga waters and the news of fire manifesting in waters near Mungher is not very old. In a survey conducted by ‘All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health’ it was found that the River Yamuna flowing between New Delhi and Agra was very dirty and polluted. The number of fish population in Bihar’s Daha and Sone rivers is depleting speedily. The River Mahisagar of Gujarat district sometime back had become totally green on seeing which local people there were frightened. There was a time when Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Kali, Hooghly etc bestowed both external and internal purity but today they have been rendered mere hopeless rivulets that carry dirt only.
These days 5000 tons of polluted elements per year from river waters are entering waters of the ocean shore. Many other toxic chemicals too flow in it along with this polluted water. It is believed that in 20 years 40% marine creatures have died on eating this poison. Chemicals like acid, sulfate, chloride, phenol, cyanide etc are destroying the natural oxygen content of this sea water which nurtures and sustains marine creatures.
It is known to all that it is small creatures like fish etc that clean all water areas internally. This dirt in the water is food for fish life which gathers here and there in ponds, rivers etc. If fish life did not exist all such water areas would rot smelling. Chemical pesticides by mixing with rain water enter river waters and kill fish living in them. Under such conditions the dirt and pollution of various water areas is on an alarming rise. On seeing these far off tainted results countries like Hungary, Sweden and Denmark have curbed the usage of DDT. In Russia aldrin and dialdrin cannot be used. Although these chemicals kill germs of crops yet they create such other problems which are direr than the germs that are killed. In Japan milk in the breast of mothers contained the toxic dialdrin. Definitely after these are sprayed on crops enter the stomach and further milk of mothers through food grains, vegetables, fruits or flesh of birds and animals.
It was believed that chemicals like alfalfa, nicotine, metasis stokes etc kill enemy germs but protect friendly germs yet later this was proved to be a fallacy. Due to the function of destruction both the enemy and friendly germs get harmed equally and those secure results were not accrued which were hoped for.
In cities due to speedy moving vehicles on roads, use of electricity, more fire burning in tiny areas, breathing in crowded places, bodily heat, functioning of factories etc the temperature over here in comparison to rural areas is much more. Electric fans do not lower temperatures but instead merely move air from this area to that. Fashion styles that make people wear tight and many times heavy clothing tend to increase heat in the bodily surroundings. The crowded roads and buses add to the heat content. Houses made of bricks, cements etc and stony roads render them hot. In this atmosphere of high temperature the urban population loses its natural bodily potential.
In order to gauge what effects ensue on other creatures due to noisiness and chaos many studies have been conducted and one such was done by California’s Life Science Research Institute on sharks. The director of the institute Theobrown said that when loud noises were transmitted in waters via loudspeakers fish life on hearing it got terrorized and agitated. Thinking each other to be the cause of this chaos the fish population started attacking one another and when this loud noise became intolerable they started banging their heads against rocks to commit suicide. Similar such studies were conducted in France’s Colenesia Carigireza Atos. They too concluded that marine creatures cannot live normally under conditions of extraordinary chaos and noise.
The noises emitted by cars, factories, loudspeakers etc create such noise pollution in urban cities that as per the data given by Indian Council of Medical Research people shall slowly become deafer. Further diseases of the psyche, muscles and heart can increase manifold.
The English author Mrs. Elspath Huxley has cautioned the lay public regarding the hazards related to usage of DDT and other poisonous pesticides. She opines that chemicals sprayed on plants via the medium of food grains, vegetables and flesh finally reach the human body and they create such damage there that although initially it appears quite miniscule but later it gives birth to terrible fearful possibilities. These toxic chemicals by mixing with rain water reach rivers, lakes and wells. These waters then reach waters on the ocean shore as a result of which toxic materials enter fish dwelling there. Thus those who eat this fish cannot save themselves from harmful reactions setting in their bodies. Mrs. Huxley in order to prove her point collected proof in the form of samples of water, flesh and other materials and published all this in her book. She runs an agricultural farm yet never makes use of chemical pesticides.
Under the aegis of UNO in order to mull over the problem of rendering the environment capable enough to sustain life on planet earth an International Conference was organized in Stockholm whose one voice slogan was: ‘We have only one earth. Let us render it capable of sustaining life’. The conference made a suggestion that nature based wealth must be used very minimally without wastage, used articles must be recycled for using again anew, increasing noise pollution should be obstructed and air and water pollution must too be controlled in a major way.
If with a farsighted standpoint we gauge the sequence in which our so called development is marring nature’s balance, one shall have to conclude that by becoming blind in the process of running after immediate benefits, we are madly rendering our future full of dark gloominess.
Man’s intellectual prowess is so much immersed in augmenting cities, material comforts and population with total lack of discrimination that the end of this so called world progress seems to be manifesting as a goose pimple like disaster. One wonders why no one is trying to infer how expensive shall be the buying of such development which renders nature and the environment highly polluted. It is amazing that man considered an intellectual is insisting on not thinking in a farsighted manner.
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